Acne is an alteration in the channels of the skin follicles. The small holes we see in our skin are called pores to these pores are connected the sebaceous glands, which are those that generate sebum a substance that is responsible for transporting the dead skin cells from the deep layers to the surface, by a Canal that is called a follicle. This channel is shared by the hairs because through them the hairs reach the surface. When a follicle is created in this follicle, an inflammation is generated which is what is known as folliculitis and later an infection giving rise to the well-known pimples or pimples.
The main cause of the appearance of this pathology is the obstruction of the pores that we have in the skin, but why does this tamponade occur? Well the most common factors that give rise to this tamponade are:
- Excessive generation of sebum by the sebaceous glands.
- Changes in the levels of hormones in our body that can be caused by puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, stress or oral contraceptive methods.
- The use of drugs that contain (steroids, phenytoin, estrogens or testosterone).
- Excessive sweating.
When some of the causes above or in some cases the combination between them occurs the plug mentioned above is generated in the channels that connect the sebaceous glands with the outside, an inflammation occurs along with an infection and when this plug is undone it leaves the Outside forming pimples or pimples.
There is a classification of the different grains according to their size and location:
- White spots: also called "closed comedones" are those accumulations of sebum produced by excessive production of keratin, are located just below the surface of the skin and show no signs of inflammation and infection.
- Black spots: they are another type of comedo in this case "open", it is the same as the white point alone that presents a dark color in the central zone due to the accumulation of melanin and the oxidation of fats. They do not present inflammation or infection.
- Follicular papules are small inflammatory lesions due to accumulations of sebum due to excess keratin producing pinkish-colored bumps from the outside that hurt when touched.
- Pustules: this occurs when the comedon becomes inflamed and an infection is generated. The origin of this infection is produced by a bacterium that finds the ideal conditions for its growth in the comedo.
- Nodules: This is a large, painful, solid-consistency inflammatory lesion found in deeper layers of the skin.
- Cysts: A deeper inflammatory lesion of a large size and filled with pus, if you touch them too hard or try to remove their contents, it can leave scars in most cases.
Do you want to do a PRP treatment?
Acne is not a serious disorder but it can leave scars in the long run if we do not treat it properly. What it does produce is psychological and social alterations in the individuals who suffer it, because it generates in people a state of distrust and loss of self-esteem. In those occasions that produce secondary scars to this condition individuals are committed in all facets of their life in which they are exposed to relate to others because the presence of these marks on the face for example creates insecurity In themselves. For these cases we will see how platelet-rich plasma helps to improve the scars produced by acne.
PRP Treatment for Acne
Platelet rich plasma is one of the therapies of choice for the treatment of wounds and scars. The growth factors and nutrients that form the PRP generate a stimulus in the cells of our skin increasing the production and deposits of collagen which is what suffers a greater damage in the scars, so help To the regeneration of injured skin self-healing. By promoting the creation of new blood vessels and capillaries this also helps to improve the texture of the skin.
The treatment with PRP in producing and promoting a regeneration of the skin is not indicated its use in all types of scars since those in which there has been a thickening of the skin or keloid is not recommended as With the growth factors injected what will enhance is the increase of thickness obtaining the opposite of what is sought. Therefore, the use of Platelet Rich Plasma therapy in those atrophic scars (depressed in the skin) is recommended, in which the effect of prp helps to increase the cells of the dermis to increase its thickness And facial fill the loss of skin.
This type of therapy is being used in combination with the fractionated laser. The union of prp with the laser makes the improvement of the scars even more evident and potentiates the results than using any of these methods individually. Many of our partner clinics have both procedures, so it's an option if you want to improve your scars and get good results.
It is true that the combined use of fractionated lasers and platelet rich plasma increases the cost of therapy, but it must also be borne in mind that the use of prp reduces treatment time and improves the end result of the procedure. For this reason, its combined use is favorable in terms of value for money.
What should you keep in mind when you do a PRP treatment for Acne?
The procedure does not require special care after its completion, the only thing to keep in mind is the following:
- SOLAR PROTECTOR must be used 7 days after treatment.
- It is important not to exercise on the same day of the procedure, it is not advisable to sweat since perspiration can expel the infiltrated plasma.
- Sauna is not recommended for 7 days.
- If done in combination with the fractioned laser, exposure to the sun is not recommended until 30 days after treatment.
Apart from the aforementioned you can return to your daily activities the same day of treatment. So it is a therapy so comfortable that it does not interfere with your routine. In addition it has no side effects, the only thing that can appear after infiltration with platelet-rich plasma is a redness of the area, with a slight burning sensation and in case of catching some capillary in the infiltration can appear some hematoma. The redness along with the burning sensation resolves in the first 24-48 hours and the bruises, if they appear, usually disappear within 5-7 days.
If you also use the combined therapy with the fractured laser you will experience a severe redness of the area as well as a little more discomfort during the 3-4 days after the treatment but that is solved with the creams with aloe vera or arnica . And here if it is very important to avoid contact with the sun for about 30 days.
Very important! In order to be able to perform the treatment with plasma plaste rich in acne is essential that the lesions are not active, ie no pimples or grains are found in the treatment area. This is so because we can not carry out infiltrations of plasma in areas where there is inflammation and an active infection, but we would spread it through the rest of the areas.
How is the Acne Treatment performed with plasma?
The collection of Platelet Rich Plasma is always performed in the same way, by routine blood extraction the sample is obtained and centrifuged. Once centrifuged the blood is separated in all its parts depending on the different densities, in this way can select the part that interests that is the one in which the plasma contains the highest concentration of platelets.
Once the plasma is collected, it infiltrates the treatment area by hand using small injections with a very small needle or with the technique of mesotherapy that is performed with a gun that is injecting the substance continuously and at the same pre-established depth.
The treatment lasts approximately 60-75 minutes. Although the infiltration of the plasma takes about 30 minutes, before starting the treatment, an anesthetic cream is usually applied so that the therapy is painless and is usually withdrawn after about 45 minutes. Once the infiltrations have been made, the face is cleaned and a cream is applied with arnica or aloe vera to calm the irritation.
The usual protocol consists of 3 sessions for three consecutive months, although this depends very much on the assessment that the professional makes in each specific case. Depending on the number of scars and their depth will require more or less treatments, will also influence if done in combination with the fractioned laser in that case will require fewer sessions because together the laser and PRP boost the results.
The Cost of Prp Treatment for Acne Scars
The treatment with Platelet Rich Plasma has a cost of about $500 per session, but it is a price totally orientative as it will oscillate depending on the particular case of each person. Depending on the number of scars and the depth of the scars, more or fewer sessions will be needed. In addition to the state of the area to be treated will also depend on the customer and the results you want to achieve.
If the therapy is done in combination with the fractioned laser then the price of the treatment is going to become more expensive, but it must be taken into account that together the results are obtained faster, so in some cases with very deep scars or very Abundant should be raised since individually with prp perhaps more sessions are needed and in the end the cost will be even higher.